Drug Free Facts

Alcohol

Although alcohol is legal drug.  It still has effects on the body. Alcohol is known as a depressant, meaning that it slows down bodily function.  The effects of alcohol are slurred speech, unsteady movement, disturbed perceptions and an inability to react quickly. Alcohol impairs a person judgment, making it difficult to make responsible decisions.

The amount of alcohol consumed determines the type of effect. People of legal drinking age (21 years old) such as a beer or glass of wine taken to “loosen up.” If a person consumes more than the body can handle, they then experience alcohol’s depressant effect or start to feel “drunk”.

Alcohol overdose causes even more severe depressant effects (inability to feel pain, toxicity where the body vomits the poison, and finally unconsciousness or, worse, coma or death from severe toxic overdose). These reactions depend on how much is consumed and how quickly.

Marijuana

Marijuana is the most commonly used drug in the world.  Even though, marijuana is legal in some states in the United States. Marijuana can have severe effects on the body, such as the legal drug of alcohol. This drug is a hallucinogenic substance which distorts how the mind perceives the world you live in.  The state of Georgia, marijuana is classified as dangerous and illegal drug.  Marijuana smokers can face criminal charges and fines.

Marijuana is the word used to describe the dried flowers, seeds and leaves of the Indian hemp plant. On the street, it is called by many other names, such as: astro turf, bhang, dagga, dope, ganja, grass, hemp, homegrown, J, Mary Jane, pot, reefer, roach, Texas tea and weed.

Marijuana contains 400 different chemicals, the main ingredient which affects the mind is THC.

Marijuana is usually smoked as a cigarette (joint), but may also be smoked in a pipe. Less often, it is mixed with food and eaten or brewed as tea. Sometimes users open up cigars and remove the tobacco, replacing it with pot—called a “blunt.” Joints and blunts are sometimes laced with other, more powerful drugs, such as crack cocaine or PCP a powerful hallucinogen.

The immediate effects of taking marijuana include rapid heart beat, disorientation, lack of physical coordination, often followed by depression or sleepiness. Some users suffer panic attacks or anxiety.

Meth

Methamphetamine is an illegal drug in the same class as cocaine and other powerful street drugs. It has many nicknames—meth, crank, chalk or speed being the most common.

Crystal meth is used by individuals of all ages, but is most commonly used as a “club drug,” taken while partying in nightclubs or at rave parties. Its most common street names are ice or glass.

Meth is highly addictive. Crystal meth’s effect is highly concentrated, and many users report getting hooked (addicted) from the first time they use it. Users get dependent quickly on meth can be only can be relieved be taking more of the drug.

It is a dangerous and potent chemical and, as with all drugs, a poison that first acts as a stimulant but then begins to systematically destroy the body. Methamphetamine can cause  serious health conditions, including memory loss, aggression, psychotic behavior and potential heart and brain damage.

Heroin

Heroin is a highly addictive, illegal drug.Heroin (like opium and morphine) is made from the resin of poppy plants. Milky, sap-like opium is first removed from the pod of the poppy flower. This opium is refined to make morphine, then further refined into different forms of heroin.

Most heroin is injected, creating additional risks for the user, who faces the danger of AIDS or other infection.

The initial effects of heroin include a surge of sensation like a  “rush.” This is often accompanied by a warm feeling of the skin and a dry mouth. Sometimes, the initial reaction can include vomiting or severe itching.

After these initial effects fade, the user becomes drowsy for several hours. The basic body functions such as breathing and heartbeat slow down.  Using heroin can also be life threatening, leading to coma and/or death.

 

Prescription Drugs (Painkillers)

Prescription painkillers are powerful drugs that interfere with the nervous system’s transmission of the nerve signals we perceive as pain. Most painkillers also stimulate portions of the brain associated with pleasure. Thus, in addition to blocking pain, they produce a “high.”

The most powerful prescription painkillers are called opioids. They are manufactured to react on the nervous system in the same way as drugs derived from the opium poppy, like heroin. The most commonly abused opioid painkillers include oxycodone, hydrocodone, meperidine, hydromorphone and propoxyphene.

Opioid painkillers produce a short-lived euphoria, but they are also addictive.

Long-term use of painkillers can lead to physical dependence. The body adapts to the presence of the substance and if one stops taking the drug abruptly, withdrawal symptoms occur. Or the body could build up a tolerance to the drug, meaning that higher doses have to be taken to achieve the same effects.

One of the serious risks of opioids is respiratory depression. High doses can cause breathing to slow down and stop, which can be life threatening. A opioid overdose can be reversed using a naloxone medication.

Treatment

There are several types of treatment program for drug use including long term and short term residential treatment, outpatient program, individual counseling,  group counseling.

If you or anyone you know is suffering from drug addiction feel free to call the Emerge Hotline at  404 500-7597  . We are link you to several treatment program in Atlanta, Georgia.

HEP C 101

Hepatitis C, also called Hep C or HCV, is an infectious disease of the liver. Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver that leads to a development of scar tissue in the liver. Your liver plays an important role in filtering blood, storing nutrients, and more.

Hep C is considered a silent disease and frequently causes no noticeable symptoms until the liver is damaged by cirrhosis. It can take 10 or more years to occur. Hepatitis C can lead to conditions such as liver disease, cirrhosis, liver failure, and liver cancer.Hepatitis C can lead to conditions such as liver disease, cirrhosis, liver failure, and liver cancer.

Hepatitis C can live outside of the body for substantial amounts of time – days, weeks, or longer depending on the conditions.While there is no vaccine, Hepatitis C is a curable disease and treatment options continue to advance.

Hepatitis C is a blood borne virus spread by direct blood to blood contact. 1/5 people exposed to Hepatitis C will eliminate the virus from their bodies without treatment. This is an acute infection, those that do not eliminate the virus go on to develop a chronic infection. Hep C is not transmitted through casual contact

Transmission methods include:

  • Sharing needles or other drug paraphernalia used for injection or snorting
  • Blood transfusion or organ transplant before 1992
  • Contact with infected blood or an open sore
  • Accidental needle stick
  • From mother to baby during birth – low risk
  • During unprotected vaginal or anal sex – low risk
Prevention
  • Abstaining from drug use.
    • If you do inject or snort drugs, do not share your needles, straws, or works.
  • Do not borrow the toothbrush, razor, nail clippers, or tweezers of someone known to have Hep C.
  • Make sure all tattoos and piercings are done at a reputable location that uses sterilized equipment.
  • Condom usage can prevention transmission during intercourse.
Testing

A person can get tested for Hep C in only twenty minutes. For more information visit our Get Tested page.

HIV 101

HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It weakens a person’s immune system by destroying important cells that fight disease and infection. Only certain body fluids can transmit HIV

  • Blood,
  • Semen (cum),
  • Pre-seminal fluid (pre-cum),
  • Rectal fluids
  • Vaginal fluids,
  • Breast milk

HIV is NOT spread by  Air or water, Mosquitoes, ticks, Saliva, tears, sweat, Shaking hands, hugging, sharing toilets, sharing dishes/drinking glasses, kissing and drinking fountains.

HIV is only transmitted  through specific activities. Most commonly, people get or transmit HIV through sexual behaviors and needle or syringe use.   In the United States, HIV is spread mainly by having anal or vaginal sex with someone who has HIV without using a condom or taking medicines to prevent or treat HIV.Anal sex is the highest-risk sexual behavior. For the HIV-negative partner, receptive anal sex (bottoming) is riskier than insertive anal sex (topping).Vaginal sex is the second-highest-risk sexual behavior

People who inject drugs, hormones, steroids, or silicone can get HIV by sharing needles or syringes and other injection equipment. The needles and equipment may have someone else’s blood in them, and blood can transmit HIV. Likewise, you’re at risk for getting hepatitis B and C if you share needles and works because these infections are also transmitted through blood.

HIV is not curable, but treatable.HIV is treated using a combination of medicines to fight HIV infection. This is called antiretroviral therapy (ART). ART isn’t a cure, but it can control the virus so that you can live a longer, healthier life and reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to others.

HIV Prevention

Today, more tools than ever are available to prevent HIV. In addition to abstinence, limiting your number of sexual partners, never sharing needles, and using condoms the right way every time you have sex, you may be able to take advantage of newer medicines such as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and post-exposure prophylaxis(PEP).

Condoms

Condoms are a barrier method of that prevent transmission of fluids betweens partner, reducing the risk of HIV.  There are male condoms and female condoms:

  • A male condom is a thin sheath (usually made of latex, a type of rubber) that is worn on the penis.
  • A female condom is a polyurethane sheath with a flexible ring at either end. One end is closed and inserted into the vagina; the other end is open and the ring sits outside the opening of the vagina.

Need Condoms? Text the Emerge Hotline @ 404 500-7597!

PrEP

Pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, is a way for people who do not have HIV but who are at substantial risk of getting it to prevent HIV infection by taking a pill every day. When taken consistently, PrEP has been shown to reduce the risk of HIV infection in people who are at high risk by up to 92%. PrEP is much less effective if it is not taken consistently.

PrEP is a powerful HIV prevention tool and can be combined with condoms and other prevention methods to provide even greater protection than when used alone. But people who use PrEP must commit to taking the drug every day and seeing their health care provider for follow-up every 3 months.

Want PrEP? Hit us up @ 404 500-7597  . We will get you connected!

 

Testing

The only way to know for sure whether you have HIV is to get tested! For more information for testing visit our Get Tested page.